Chartered Accountant

How To Become CA in India? (Complete Guide for 2022)

How to Become CA

Chartered Accountancy is one of the most preferred options for Commerce Students. But before registering for the course the question arises How to Become A Chartered Accountant (CA). If you have this question then you have landed on the right page. Here, we will tell you the step-by-step procedure to Become CA in India and Complete details about the course.

Chartered Accountant is a profession that deals with accounts, taxation, and finances, and with the boom of the financial sector in India, the demand for Chartered Accountants has also increased.

To become CA in India, students can go in 2 ways:

    1. Through CA Foundation
      1.1 Pass the CA Foundation Exam
      1.2 Pass CA Intermediate Exams
      1.3 Complete 3 Years of CA Articleship Training
      1.4 Clear CA Final Exam
    2. Through Direct Entry Route

      Steps to become CA in India through CA Foundation Route

      1. Pass CA Foundation Exam

      CA Foundation is the entry-level exam or the 1st stage of CA Foundation.

      Eligibility/Qualification

      For eligible in CA Course students need to pass the class 12th examination with a minimum of 50% (commerce Students) and a minimum of 55% is required for Science students.

      Registration

      To register for this course you will fill out the online registration form available on the  ICAI official website. After successful CA Foundation registration and payment of the prescribed fees, you will have to submit the following documents within 7 days from the online registration along with the hard copy of the online form duly signed by the candidate.

          1. Attested a copy of the Admit Card/ Marksheet of the 12th examination issued by the respective board.
          2. One latest colored photograph should be affixed to the online registration form.
          3. Attested copy of the proof of Nationality, if the student is a foreigner.
          4. Attested copy of the proof of special category certificate i.e. ST/SC/OBC, Differently abled.
          5. Attested copy of 10th Admit card or Marksheet.

      After such registration procedure is completed, ICAI will send you the Study Material through the Centralised Dispatch System.

      Exam Form

      After the registration students have to fill out the CA Foundation Examination form. ICAI announces the date for filling out the Examination form. Forms are to be filled out on the ICAI website.

      Syllabus

      CA Foundation Syllabus consists of 4 subjects. Papers of two will be subjective and the remaining two will be objective. Negative Marking will continue to be in the objective papers.

      Paper 1: Principles and Practice of Accounting

      Paper 2: Business Laws & Business Correspondence and Reporting

      Paper 3: Business Mathematics and Logical Reasoning & Statistics

      Paper 4: Business Economics & Business Commercial Knowledge

      Passing Criteria

      Candidates will be declared passed this examination only if he/she has obtained 40% marks in each individual paper and 50% in aggregate of all the papers. Also, the candidate to note that CA Foundation objective papers contain negative marking.

      Also Check: CA Foundation Result June 2022


          2. Pass CA Intermediate Exams

            After clearing the CA Foundation course students will be on the next journey or next level i.e. CA Intermediate Exam. This level is tougher than CA Foundation. Check the details below for CA Intermediate Exam:

            Eligibility

            The students will become eligible to register for CA intermediate either by clearing CA Foundation or through the direct entry route. Direct entry students can be a Commerce Graduates students can get direct entry in the CA Intermediate only if they secured a minimum percentage of 50% in graduation and science graduate with a minimum of 55%. Also, the students who have cleared ICWA or CS Intermediate.

            Registration

              You can register for this course from the ICAI official website under the student’s tab in course Registration forms. You need to fill out the registration form and make the payment of the prescribed fees. After filing such form and making payment of the prescribed fees, submit a hard copy of such form along with the following documents to the concerned regional office within 7 days –  

                  1. Foundation Route students have to submit the 12th or its equivalent recognized mark sheet.
                  2. Direct Entry Route students will have to submit-
                    1. In the case of Graduates / Post Graduates students, attested copy of Marksheet or Mark statement.
                    2. Intermediate Level passed students of Institute of Company Secretaries and Cost Accountants of India, their attested copy of Marksheet of Intermediate Level.
                  3. Your latest colored photograph should be affixed to the hard copy of the online registration form.
                  4. Attested copy of the proof of Nationality, if the student is Foreigner.
                  5. Attested copy of the proof of the Special Category Certificate i.e. SC/ST/OBC or differently-abled.

              The above documents shall be submitted along with the print of the online registration form duly signed by the candidate.

              Training

              Students need to complete 4 weeks of training of in ICITSS along with the preparation.

              Exam Form

              After the registration students have to fill out the CA Intermediate Examination form. ICAI announces the date for filling out the Examination form. Forms are to be filled out on the ICAI website.

                Syllabus

                CA Intermediate syllabus is divided into two groups and each group has 4 subjects:

                  Group I

                  Group II

                  Note – To appear in the examination, one has to undergo a study period of not less than eight months.

                  Passing Criteria

                    In order to clear this exam or a student is declared to have passed this exam only if he secured a minimum of 40% in each paper and 50% in aggregate of all the papers.

                      A student at one time can appear either in both groups or in a single group. And he will be declared to clear this exam only after passing both groups. If a student secures 60% or more marks in any paper then that paper will be exempt for the next three following attempts. He will not require to give that paper in the following three attempts.

                        Also Check: CA Intermediate Result May 2022


                            3. Complete 3 Years of CA Articleship Training

                              Candidates can start their Articleship training, just after clearing any of the groups of CA Intermediate. Before that students should make sure that they have completed ITT and OT programs. Then only they can register for CA Articleship training.

                                The Articleship training is a very important part of the entire CA Course. This training helps you a lot in applying the theoretical knowledge to practical work, shaping you into a professional, following your ethical values, and learning how to survive in the business world.

                                  The duration of Articleship training is three years.

                                    Commencement of the Articleship training:-

                                        1. The students from the normal route or we can say who have passed the CA Foundation can commence their practical training after clearing either single or both the groups of Intermediate and also completing 4 weeks of ICITSS (Information Technology and Orientation Program).
                                        2. The students from the direct entry route –
                                          • Graduates / Post Graduates – They have to register for the practical training immediately after the registration in the Intermediate course and completion of 4 weeks of ICITSS( Information Technology and Orientation program ). However, they can appear in the Intermediate examinations only after the completion of 9 months of practical training.
                                          • Intermediate passed students of ICSI/ CMA- Students through the direct entry route who have cleared their intermediate levels of the respective exams can register for the practical training after passing either single or both the groups of Intermediate and completion of ICITSS.

                                    The student can register for the practical training by submitting Form 103 and an agreement for such training is to be entered with the Principal on Form 102.

                                      During the last year of practical training, a student has to complete 4 weeks of Advanced ICITSS. It consists of Information Technology and Management and Communication Skills each for 15 days.


                                          4. Pass CA Final Exams

                                            The last step in the CA Student journey is CA Final. Last and also the toughest level. A student can register for the Final course only after passing the second level i.e. Intermediate level then only he will become eligible to register for the Final Course.

                                            Eligible

                                            A student is eligible for the Final Examination only when

                                                1. After Passing the CA Intermediate Exam
                                                2. Either completed his/her practical training or serving the last six months of practical training, including excess leaves if any, on the first of the month in which the exam is to be held.
                                                3. Also successfully completed Advance Integrated course on Information Technology and Soft Skills (Adv. IT & MCS).

                                            Registration

                                              One can get register for the Final Course from the ICAI portal under the student’s tab in the course registration forms by making the payment prescribed by the ICAI. After successful submission of the online registration form to the portal, one has to submit its printout to the concerned regional office within 7 days of the online registration along with the following documents:-

                                                  1. Attested copy of the proof of Nationality if the student is a foreigner.
                                                  2. Attested copy of the proof of special category certificate i.e. ST/SC/OBC, Differently abled.
                                                  3. After completion of the above registration procedure, ICAI will send the Study Material through the Centralised Dispatch System to the students.
                                                  4. A Resident student can get register for this course with the payment of Rs 22000/- and a Foreigner student can register with the payment of 1100 US($).

                                              Exam Form

                                              After the registration students have to fill out the CA Final Examination form. ICAI announces the date for filling out the Examination form. Forms are to be filled out on the ICAI website.

                                              Syllabus

                                                The Final Level comprises eight subjects divided into two groups:-

                                                  Group 1

                                                  Group 2

                                                      • Paper 5: Strategic Cost Management and Performance Evaluation ( CA Final Costing )
                                                      • Paper 6: Elective Paper (One to be chosen from the list of Elective Papers)
                                                        List of Elective Papers
                                                        • 6A Risk Management
                                                        • 6B Financial Services & Capital Markets
                                                        • 6C International Taxation
                                                        • 6D Economic Laws
                                                        • 6E Global Financial Reporting Standards
                                                        • 6F Multi-disciplinary Case Study
                                                      • Paper 7: Direct Tax Laws & International Taxation
                                                      • Paper 8: Indirect Tax Laws

                                                  Passing Criteria

                                                  To clear the CA Final examination one has to obtain 40% marks on each paper and also 50% marks in aggregate of all the papers.

                                                    However, if a student obtains 60% marks in any subject then that subject will be exempt for the further three examinations. But if the student would not able to clear the Final Examination within three attempts, then he/she will have to again attempt that previous exempt paper.

                                                      Students can attempt either single or both groups at a time. And after passing both the groups and successful completion practical training you will be a Chartered Accountant. You can apply for the membership number with the ICAI.

                                                        You will be a member of ICAI.

                                                          Also Check: CA Final Result May 2022


                                                          Through Direct Entry Route (CA After Graduation)

                                                          There is also a Direct Entry Route system in CA Course in which some students get benefited, they do not have to pass the entry-level exam i.e. CA Foundation. By this route, they can get direct entry in CA Intermediate.

                                                          List of the students along with their requirements to get entry directly through this route:-

                                                              1. Commerce Graduates/ Post Graduates:- Commerce Graduates students can get direct entry in the CA Intermediate only if they secured a minimum percentage of 55% in graduation.
                                                              2. Non-Commerce Graduates/ Post Graduates:-  They can also get direct entry into the CA Intermediate only by securing a minimum of 60% marks in graduation.
                                                              3. ICSI students- These students who cleared their Intermediate level of Company Secretary become eligible to register in CA course directly with Intermediate level, without passing CA Foundation.
                                                              4. CMA Students- Students who have cleared the Intermediate level of Cost Accountant will become eligible to register directly through the CA Intermediate.

                                                          Steps to become CA through Direct Entry Route

                                                              1. Register for CA Intermediate Course
                                                              2. Pass any single group of CA Intermediate
                                                              3. Enroll for CA Articleship Training
                                                              4. Pass both groups of CA Intermediate
                                                              5. Register for CA Final
                                                              6. Pass both groups of CA Final
                                                              7. Apply for ICAI Membership.

                                                          Note – Students have to register themselves on or before 1st March/ 1st September to appear in Nov/ May exams respectively.


                                                              CA Course Details

                                                              Here, is the tabular representation of the CA Course at all three levels, Foundation, Intermediate, and Final:

                                                               CA FoundationCA IntermediateCA Final
                                                              EligibilityPass Class 12th ExaminationPass CA Foundation or UG/PGPass CA Intermediate level and Complete Articleship Training
                                                              Last date to Register for Nov 2022Before July 1, 2022Before March 1, 2022Before July 1, 2022
                                                              Examination heldMay and NovemberMay and NovemberMay and November
                                                              Registration Validity3 years (6 attempts)4 years (6 attempts)5 years (10 attempts)
                                                              Subjects48 (4 each group)8 (4 each group)
                                                              FeesRs 11300Rs 27200/23200Rs 39800

                                                              CA Course Duration

                                                              It will take a minimum of 5 years to become a CA in India after the 12th class. However, graduated students will need 4.5 years to become a CA. The period of 6 months is saved through the direct entry route.

                                                              The students must note that with every failed attempt CA Course duration will be increased by 6 Months.


                                                              Why Build a Career in CA?

                                                              CA is one of the best career options for Commerce students. Let’s see in detail the benefits of why choose CA as a career option.

                                                              • High Salary: CA is one of the highest earning professions in India. A fresher CA salary is Rs 7-8 Lakh and which rises to 30Lakh after 4-5 years of experience. 
                                                              • High Future Scope: With the boom in the financial industry the scope of CA is rising every year. Also, with the development of new business and growing industry only the demand for CA will increase in the Future.
                                                              • Secure Career Option: CA is considered to be the best secure option, the demand for CA is never going to end. 
                                                              • Many Career Choices: After becoming a CA, you may have many career choices, like, consultor, teaching, and self-owned firm. If I talk about jobes roles then you may have options like a financial banker, Auditing, accountant, Financial Manager, etc.

                                                                  Frequently Asked Questions

                                                                    Q1. What are the steps to become CA in India?

                                                                      Ans: Follow the steps to become CA

                                                                          1. Pass the CA Foundation Exam
                                                                          2. Pass the CA Intermediate Exam
                                                                          3. Complete Three Years of Articleship Training
                                                                          4. Clear CA Final Exam

                                                                      Q2. In how many years I can become CA?

                                                                        Ans: It requires a minimum of 4.5 years to become CA.

                                                                          Q3. What is the average salary of a CA in India?

                                                                            Ans: The average salary of a CA is INR 6-7 Lakhs. It can raise till 40-60 Lakhs depending upon the skills and Experience.

                                                                              Q4. When should I pursue CA courses?

                                                                                Ans: Candidates can pursue CA courses after the 12th or even after graduation. Also, students can enroll for the CA courses after the 10th and appear for the exams after the 12th.

                                                                                  Q5. What are the eligibility criteria for class 12th students to appear for the CA courses?

                                                                                    Ans: The eligibility criteria of students of class 12th commerce is they need to score 50% marks in their board exams. And for non-commerce background students, they need to score 55% marks in the board exams.

                                                                                      Q6. What is the fee structure of CA courses?

                                                                                        Ans: The fee structure of all the three levels of CA is explained by the CA Wizard. Visit the CA wizard to check the CA course fee structure.

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