Class 12

Download CBSE Class 12 Economics Syllabus 2021 (Revised edition)

Download CBSE Class 12 Economics Syllabus 2021 (Revised edition)

The Economics syllabus for class 12 is different from what you have studied before. The CBSE Class 12 Economics Syllabus introduces you to the higher level topics of the real-life economic system at a national level. CBSE has designed the higher secondary curriculum of CBSE to help you in further studies for professional courses like Chartered Accountancy

Every year CBSE revises and updates the syllabus. For the 2020-21 session as well, CBSE has made changes in the syllabus. The new CBSE class 12 Economics syllabus is available for you on CA Wizard. You can also get the syllabus of other subjects. You should note that CBSE has reduced 30% of the syllabus for 2020-21 exams. The change is made to give students some relaxation as they face many challenges in the online classes. 

You can download the revised syllabus from below. CBSE has ensured that the syllabus change makes minimal to no impact on the students who will study Economics in their higher education programs.

CA Wizard provides class 12th students with the latest updates related to their exams. We also help students who want to know more about the best career options for them. Chartered Accountants’ demand is on the rise, which has made CA one of the best career options after 12th. You can get complete information about the ICAI’s CA course on CA Wizard. 

CBSE Class 12 Economics Marking Weightage

Part A: Introductory Macroeconomics 
National Income and Related Aggregates 10
Money and Banking6
Determination of Income and Employment12
Government Budget and the Economy 6
Balance of Payments6
Part B: Indian Economic Development 
Development Experience (1947-90) and Economic Reforms since 1991 12
Current Challenges facing Indian Economy22
Development Experience of India – A Comparison with Neighbours 6
Part C: Project Work 20
Total Marks100


Question Paper Design

Typology of QuestionsMarks Percentage  
Remembering and Understanding4455%
Analysing, Evaluating and Creating1822.5%
Total 80100%


CBSE Class 12 Economics Syllabus

Part A: Introductory Macroeconomics 

Unit 1: National Income and Related Aggregates 

What is Macroeconomics? 

Basic concepts in macroeconomics: consumption goods, capital goods, final goods, intermediate goods; stocks and flows; gross investment and depreciation. 

Circular flow of income (two sector model); Methods of calculating National Income – Value Added or Product method, Expenditure method, Income method. 

Aggregates related to National Income: Gross National Product (GNP), Net National Product (NNP), Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Net Domestic Product (NDP) – at market price, at factor cost; Real and Nominal GDP. 

GDP and Welfare 

Unit 2: Money and Banking 

Money – meaning and supply of money – Currency held by the public and net demand deposits held by commercial banks. 

Money creation by the commercial banking system. 

Central bank and its functions (example of the Reserve Bank of India): Bank of issue, Govt. Bank, Banker’s Bank, Control of Credit 

Deleted Topics: Control of Credit through Bank Rate, CRR, SLR, Repo Rate and Reverse Repo Rate, Open Market Operations, Margin requirement. 

Unit 3: Determination of Income and Employment 

Aggregate demand and its components. Propensity to consume and propensity to save (average and marginal). Short-run equilibrium output; investment multiplier and its mechanism. Meaning of full employment and involuntary unemployment. 

Problems of excess demand and deficient demand; measures to correct them – changes in government spending, taxes and money supply through Bank Rate, CRR, SLR, Repo Rate and Reverse Repo Rate, Open Market Operations, Margin requirement. 

Unit 4: Government Budget and the Economy 

Government budget – meaning, objectives and components. 

Classification of receipts – revenue receipts and capital receipts; classification of expenditure – revenue expenditure and capital expenditure. 

Measures of government deficit – revenue deficit, fiscal deficit, primary deficit their meaning. 

Unit 5: Balance of Payments 

Balance of payments account – meaning and components; 

Foreign exchange rate – meaning of fixed and flexible rates and managed floating. 

Deleted Topics: Balance of payments deficit-meaning. Determination of exchange rate in a free market. 

Part B: Indian Economic Development 

Unit 6: Development Experience (1947-90) and Economic Reforms since 1991: 

A brief introduction of the state of Indian economy on the eve of independence. Indian economic system and common goals of Five Year Plans. 

Main features, problems and policies of agriculture (institutional aspects and new agricultural strategy), industry (IPR 1956; SSI – role & importance) and foreign trade. 

Economic Reforms since 1991: 

Features and appraisals of liberalisation, globalisation and privatisation (LPG policy); Concepts of demonetization and GST 

Unit 7: Current challenges facing Indian Economy 

Poverty- absolute and relative; Main programs for poverty alleviation: A critical assessment; 

Human Capital Formation: How people become resource; Role of human capital in economic development; 

Rural development: Key issues – credit and marketing – role of cooperatives; agricultural diversification; 

Employment: Growth and changes in workforce participation rate in formal and informal sectors; problems and policies

Infrastructure: Meaning and Types: Case Studies: Health: Problems and Policies- A critical assessment; 

Sustainable Economic Development: Meaning, Effects of Economic Development on Resources and Environment, including global warming 

Deleted Topics: 

Growth of Education Sector in India alternative farming – organic farming

Infrastructure: Energy 

Unit 8: Development Experience of India: 

A comparison with neighbours 

India and Pakistan 

India and China 

Issues: economic growth, population, sectoral development and other Human Development Indicators 

Part C: Project in Economics 

Below is the suggested project list by CBSE. You can refer to our Practical Guide for class 12 for complete project guidelines of Economics. 

Prescribed Books: 

  1. Indian Economic Development, NCERT  
  2. Macroeconomics, NCERT 
  3. Supplementary Reading Material in Economics, CBSE 

Note: The above publications are also available in Hindi Medium. 

Download CBSE Class 12th Economics Syllabus PDF

You can download the PDF files of the syllabus and deleted topics if you want to keep a copy for future reference. Below are the links to the officially published syllabus of economics class 12 by CBSE.

Download Revised CBSE Class 12 Economics Syllabus 2020-21 PDF

Download Deleted Topics List of CBSE Class 12 Economics Syllabus 2020-21 PDF

Preparation Tips

To help you score well in your Economics exam, here are some preparation tips:

The two parts of the Economics syllabus are very different. You will need more preparation time in Part A of the Economics syllabus because Macroeconomics has topics related to the national economy. Part B, i.e., Indian Economic Development, is very theoretical so that you can finish it quickly. 

Even though the class 12 exam preparation can be done in one month, you must plan your study schedule to cover both the parts on time as they have equal weightage in the marks. Refer to the marking weightage above.

Stick to studies from one or two books only. Precisely use NCERT books first and then select any other books. 

After completing the syllabus, solve the latest sample papers for economics, which are released by CBSE. Refer to previous year’s question papers also and solve them.

Continue your regular revisions.

FAQs CBSE Class 12 Economics Syllabus

1.How many parts and chapters are there in class 12 economics?

Ans:- The complete syllabus is divided into two parts—Macroeconomics and Indian Economic Development. There are a total of eight chapters in the class 12 economics syllabus.

2. Is the project work compulsory in class 12 for economics?

Ans:- Yes, the project work carries 20 marks in your class 12 exams.

3. Is Economics hard in class 12?

Ans:- Economics is not a difficult subject. Part B in the Class 12 Economics syllabus is very easy, and Part A has a moderate difficulty level. Though Part A’s questions can be tricky, you should only focus on the basics of the topics to solve them.

4. Will CBSE reduce the syllabus for class 12?

Ans:- Yes, CBSE has reduced 30% of the syllabus of all subjects. You can get the complete syllabus on our website.

5. Is there any change in CBSE 12th Economics Syllabus 2020-21?

Ans:- Yes, CBSE has removed some of the topics from the Economics syllabus for class 12.

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